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有关up和down的俚语,butter up和黄油可没关系!

发布时间:2021-07-15 09:21:24作者:来源:浏览量:
(转载请注明出处:春喜外语外教一对一少儿外教一对一在线英语培训)

  These are the most common IDIOMS with UP and DOWN used in English:

  以下是英语中最常用的含有up和down俚语:

  UP

  关于up的俚语

  act up = to misbehave

  行为不当

  My son used to act up every day when he was little.

  我儿子小的时候,每天都要调皮捣蛋。

  bottle up = stay hidden

  避而不谈

  He would rather bottle up rather than solve the problems at work.

  他宁愿避而不谈也不愿解决工作中的问题。

  break up = end a relationship

  分手

  Jessica just broke up with her boyfriend.

  杰西卡刚和男朋友分手。

  back up = to copy something as a security measure

  安全备份

  My computer crashes three times this week, so I need to back up all my data now.

  这周我的电脑死机三次,所以我现在需要备份所有数据。

  blow up = to get angry very fast

  发脾气

  Mr. Moore blows up almost every class because Jack is always late.

  因为杰克总是迟到,摩尔先生几乎把每节课都搞砸了。

  brighten up = to make cheerful, happy

  使高兴;使高兴

  My sister tried to brighten up my day when I was feeling said.

  当我感觉有人说的时候,我姐姐试图让我的一天变得愉快。

  butter up = to flatter

  奉承

  She always butters up her boss when the new job position is available.

  当新的工作职位空缺时,她总是奉承她的老板。

  catch up = to share news with someone

  跟某人分享新闻

  I haven’t seen him for such a long time, and it was great to catch up.

  我好久没见他了,能赶上他真是太好了。

  chat up = to have a light, friendly conversation

  聊天=轻松友好的交谈

  She went to that bar only because she liked chatting up with the handsome bartender.

  她去那家酒吧只是因为她喜欢和英俊的酒保聊天。

  come up with = think of something, a plan or an idea

  想出某物、计划或想法

  We have to come up with a plan!

  我们必须想出一个计划!

  cover up = to hide, conceal

  遮掩

  Even in court, he still tried to cover up everything that he did.

  即使在法庭上,他仍然试图掩盖他所做的一切。

  doll up = to dress formally, to dress for a special occasion

  打扮

  My mom needs to doll up before her birthday party.

  我妈妈需要在生日聚会前打扮一下。

  dress up = to have very nice clothes on

  穿上漂亮的衣服

  Alicia always liked to dress up for her dates.

  艾丽西娅总是喜欢盛装赴约。

  eat up = to believe immediately

  立刻相信

  He ate up everything that his psychologist told him.

  他相信心理学家告诉他的一切。

  end up – to turn out, conclude

  最后——结果是,得出结论

  He ended up working at his father’s company.

  他最后在他父亲的公司工作。

  fix up = to make right, adjust

  纠正

  Melissa fixed up her dress before going out.

  梅丽莎出门前把衣服整理好。

  give up = surrender, admit failure

  放弃=投降,承认失败

  I will never give up.

  我永远不会放弃。

  head up = to lead, to take charge

  领导,负责

  You have to head up all the meetings today.

  你今天必须主持所有的会议。

  hold up = to wait, to delay

  等待,延迟

  What’s holding up the presentation?

  什么阻碍了演示?

  hung up = thinking or worrying about someone/something

  挂掉,挂掉

  She was too hung up about her wedding.

  她太沉迷于婚礼了。

  juice up = to charge

  充电

  I have to juice up my laptop because the battery is dead.

  我得给笔记本电脑充电,因为电池没电了。

  keep up = to continue

  继续

  Keep up the good work everyone!

  大家继续努力!

  kiss up to = to show false flattery

  亲吻

  Everyone knew she was kissing up to the boss to get a better job.

  每个人都知道她是为了找一份更好的工作而和老板接吻。

  line up = have something/someone ready

  排队=准备好东西/某人

  Do you have any food lined up?

  你有排队的食物吗?

  loosen up = to relax

  放松

  You have been very stressed lately – you have to loosen up.

  你最近压力很大,你必须放松。

  make up = to reconcile after a quarrel/fight

  和解

  I can’t stay mad at you anymore, let’s make up?

  我不能再生你的气了,我们和好吗?

  mess up = to make a mistake, to ruin

  弄糟

  He totally messed up the cake.

  他把蛋糕弄得一团糟。

  roll up one’s sleeves = to prepare to work

  卷起袖子=准备工作

  He rolled up his sleeves, and started packing.

  他卷起袖子,开始收拾行李。

  round up = to collect or gather something

  收集某物

  Round up the employees for the meeting!

  召集员工参加会议!

  screw up = to ruin, to make a mess

  搞砸,弄乱

  He totally screwed up on his exam.

  他考试考砸了。

  sign up = to commit oneself to a period of employment/education

  致力于一段就业/教育时期

  Kevin signed up for his first Psychology course online.

  凯文在网上报名参加了他的第一个心理学课程。

  speed up = to make something go faster

  加速

  You have to speed up your car if you want to be there on time.

  如果你想准时到那儿,你必须加快车速。

  split up = to separate, to break apart from the group

  分开

  They had to split up in order to find Jimmy.

  为了找到吉米,他们不得不分开。

  suck up = flatter someone excessively

  过分奉承

  He sucked up to the teacher only to get a better grade.

  他为了得到更好的成绩而向老师讨好。

  take up = occupy time, space, attention

  占用时间、空间、注意力

  It’s going to take up too much time.

  要花太多时间。

  tied up = very busy

  非常忙碌

  He is always tied up with work.

  他总是忙于工作。

  think up = to invent or imagine something

  思考

  We have to think up an excuse for why we didn’t go to school.

  我们得想出一个不上学的理由。

  up the creek = to be in serious trouble

  遇到严重麻烦

  If I don’t pay the bill by tomorrow, I will be up the creek.

  如果我明天不付款,我就要麻烦了。

  wind up = end up in a specific situation, place

  在特定情况下结束,地点

  I never thought I would wind up in Australia.

  我从来没想过我会去澳大利亚。

  DOWN

  关于down的俚语

  back down = to take a less aggressive position

  采取不那么激进的立场

  I was about to win the argument, but I had to back down.

  我本来想赢得这场争论,但我不得不放弃。

  break down = to become unstable due to stress

  因压力而变得不适

  She broke down today at work, so she took a day off.

  她今天上班时身体不适,所以请了一天假。

  calm down = to become less excited

  冷静下来

  Please, calm down before you hurt somebody.

  请在你伤害别人之前冷静下来。

  clamp down on = to end something

  结束某事

  We have to clamp down on illegal businesses.

  我们必须取缔非法生意。

  close down = to stop trading as a business

  关闭=停止作为企业进行交易

  Their company will close down soon.

  他们的公司很快就会倒闭。

  cool down = to become less agitated

  冷静下来

  Wait till he cools down, and then apologize to him.

  等他冷静下来,然后向他道歉。

  dress down = to scold

  盛装训斥

  Jessica was just dressing down the employees.

  杰西卡只是敷衍员工。

  dumb down = to convey something in simple words

  用简单的语言表达某物

  She couldn’t understand the teacher, so he had to dumb down the explanation for her.

  她听不懂老师的话,所以他只好把解释给她听。

  flag down = to get someone’s attention

  引起某人的注意

  You really have to flag down; otherwise, she won’t even look at you.

  你真的要退缩,否则她甚至不会看你。

  go down = to change from greater value to lesser

  从较大值变为较小值

  The prices really went down this month.

  这个月物价真的下跌了。

  hands down = easily, without too much effort

  容易,不需要太多的努力

  He finished the test in 10 minutes hands down.

  他在10分钟内亲手完成了测试。

  hunt down = to find with difficulty

  很难找到

  It was hard to hunt down all the suspects.

  很难找到所有的嫌疑犯。

  jot down = to make a note

  记下

  Can you jot down the main ideas from the meeting, please?

  请你把会议的主要想法记下来好吗?

  keep down = to stay quiet

  保持安静

  Jack, can you keep it down, we are trying to sleep?

  杰克,你能不能小声点,我们在睡觉?

  man down = to lose courage

  失去勇气

  You cannot man down when it comes to you family.

  当涉及到你的家庭时,你不能屈服。

  I cannot understand your main idea, can you narrow it down, please?

  我不能理解你的主要想法,请你缩小范围好吗?

  settle down = to establish a lifestyle, to marry

  安定下来

  Julie and Jack finally settled down.

  朱莉和杰克终于安顿下来了。

  shut down = to end, to close

  关闭

  We have to shut down the party, because it’s getting late.

  我们得把聚会关掉,因为天要晚了。

  turn down = to refuse, to decline

  拒绝

  Unfortunately, they turned down our offer.

  不幸的是,他们拒绝了我们的报价。

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