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雅思写作这样开头,稳拿高分

发布时间:2017-08-23 10:09:13作者:春喜外语来源:www.tracyclass.com浏览量:

  本文章由春喜在线英语2017.8.23日编辑发布

经常会接触到一些学生,他们语言功底不错,词汇量不低,语法可以在不出错的基础上灵活运用少许高分句型。但尴尬的是,他们的写作总是徘徊在6.0和6.5之间,很难得到7分的垂青。究其原因,是论证的质量和逻辑没有达到要求。这一类学生,6.5分证明了他们不错的语言实力;但跨过6.5分的坎儿则要求的是逻辑推理和论证能力。


今天就来给大家介绍一种另类的提分技巧,那就是写好写作的开头段,很多学生往往很容易忽视写作的开头段,你不妨试试下面几种方法,看对提分有没有帮助。




其实我们可以把雅思写作题目中的提问方式分成四个大类:观点类(opinion essay)、讨论类(discussion essay)、优劣势类(advantage and disadvantage essay)和报告类(report)。每一种提问方式的题目都有自己不同的开头段写作方法。

 

Part 1 Opinion Essay

 

观察观点类题目的特征,我们不难发现,此类题型的特征是题目有且只有一个观点。而题目要求我们回答的是“同意”或“不同意”的观点。所以只要确定好自己的观点,开头段就可以写出来。 例如:

 

Some people believe that living in big cities is bad for health.

 

Do you agree or disagree?

 

如果,我们选择同意此观点,可以根据“背景句+直接转述题目+个人观点”的公式。

 

These days, it is quite common to see that a growing number of people choose to settle down in large cities. (背景句) But some people argue that leading an urban life would produce negative influences on people’s health. (直接转述题目) Personally, I agree with this idea. (个人观点)

 

如果选择不同意题目观点,则可以用“although”的让步状语从句进行改写,得到:

 

These days, it is quite common to see that a growing number of people choose to settle down in large cities. (背景句) Although some people argue that leading an urban life would produce negative influences on people’s health, (although +直接转述题目) personally, I do not agree with this idea. (个人观点)

 

 

Part 2 Discussion Essay

 

观察讨论类的题目,可以发现,这样的题目会有两个观点,并且题目要求“讨论双方观点”和“给出自己的观点”。这样的题目中,其实只用在开头段中写出背景句和转述双方观点就好了,至于个人的观点,可以放到personal idea的段落中。如:

 

Some people think citizens should be responsible for their own health costs. Others think it is better to have a health care system which provides free health services.

 

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

 

这个题目的开头段就可以写为:

 

People in some countries are paying an increasing amount of money for seeing a doctor, even for a minor illness. (背景句) But, still, some people assert that individuals themselves are supposed to pay for such fees. (一方观点) However, other people disagree and suggest that it is the government’s responsibility to undertake the health costs for its citizens. (另一方观点)

 

 

Part 3 Advantages & Disadvantage Essay

 

优劣势的题目,一般而言都会给出一个现象或者是趋势,这又刚好和我们开头段中的“背景句”吻合了,所以在优劣势文章的开头段的时候就没有必要再写背景句了,直接转述题目就可以了。但是要表达出自己的“优大于劣”或者“劣大于优”的观点,只需要用一句话就搞定了。如:

 

Shopping online is replacing shopping in stores.

 

Do the advantages outweigh its disadvantages?

 

开头段可以写为:

 

These days, it is common to see that people prefer choosing online shopping to shopping in physical stores. Although some problems would occur as this trend continues, I believe such development brings more benefits.

 

 

Part 4 Report

 

其实report最简单,因为通常题目和优劣势文章一样,会给出一个现象或趋势,所以开头段的组成部分就只有改写题目。如:

 

In many parts of the world, children and teenagers are committing more crimes.

 

Why is this happening?

 

What are the possible solutions to solve this problem?

 

开头段可以写为:

 

These days, it is common to see that the rate of youth crime has been increasing dramatically all over the globe and it is a most worrying issue of modern society.

 

通过上述的内容,相信大家对于写作的开头段稍微有些了解了。在备考阶段对于每一个话题进行background research准备大量论据之后,是时候去思考如何将自己的正文片段写得具体充分而避免泛泛而谈,而这也是跨过6.5迈向7分的重要途径。

(转自网络,友情分享)

(编辑:春喜外语)
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